Madison, Wisconsin: Beckett Associates, Inc., 1969. First Edition. Small oblong folio. (20.5 x 15.5) 40 pp. Original, machine stapled, photo-pictorial heavy card stock paper boards. Black and white photo-illustrated front and verso. Titles in black. Inoffensive owner signature on title page. Original price of "$1.50" and date of "6/69" stamped on first page. Very mild foxing to front and verso boards. Interior bright. Very Good overall. Item #51
Bulls on Parade - Rage Against the Machine
1969. The Civil Rights Era was a guerilla war fought on the streets by "everyday people", more often than not, by university students. In February of that year, at the University of Wisconsin/Madison, a handful of Black students led by the university's Black Student Alliance, presented their demands for the creation of a Black Studies Department and a more rigorous recruitment of Black faculty and staff. At the time, the university had only 500 Black students. Their demands not met, Black students and their allies began a series of marches and protests, swelling their ranks to a few thousand and calling for a student strike and a university shut down. The protest population grew as the days went on. Thousands joined in solidarity and classrooms went empty. This prompted then Governor Warren G. Knowles to send out more than 2,000 bayonet carrying National Guard troops to control the protestors who then answered by swelling to more than 10,000. During the week-long protest, things often deteriorated between the protesters, police and Guardsmen; bayonets and tear gas kept the crowds at bay. After a week of street fighting, Black students and their fellow protesters called for peaceful negotiations. Many of their demands remained unmet by the time this pamphlet was published -- the frustration made clear by the author and photographer, Richard Faverty. But, eventually, this singular protest helped lead the University of Wisconsin/Madison to finally create a Department of Afro-American Studies. Almost completely photographic, "On Strike -- Shut It Downs", serves as a journalistic record of this important event in African American student movements.